Gems are one of the most precious stones in the world. Gems come in many varieties and their value varies greatly depending on the type of gem. We can proudly say that Sri Lanka is also among the top 10 countries in the world for the most gems found. There are many reports that in the past, foreigners brought pearls from Sri Lanka for trade and to make jewelry for royal princesses. It is also reported that more than 50 different types of gems are found in Sri Lanka.Madagascar, an island nation on the African continent, is one of the world's largest exporters and gem founders. They also make up nearly 50% of the total sapphire or sapphire exports in the world market. Russia and Botswana have been named as the most diamond-rich states in the world. Located on the South American continent, Colombia is the world's largest exporter of Emerald. They export between 70% and 90% of the total emerald volume in the world market. This article is based on the 10 most expensive gem and stone species in the world today.
10) Australian Black Opal
Opal is a fusion of amethyst & pearl. Black opal is a fairly dark gemstone that is said to cost about $ 15,000 a carat. This gem is also known as Black Opal as well as Dark Opal. Black opal gemstones are dark green or dark blue in color. Even rainbow colors can be seen on the finely polished black opal gemstones.
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Australia is the world's largest supplier of black opal. They supply 90% to 95% of the world's opal demand. Lightning Ridge, in the state of New South Wales in Australia, is the world's most famous and largest black opal gem city.
Diamonds are a wonderful creation of nature. Carbon dioxide is one of the oldest and most powerful rocks in the world. Diamonds come in a variety of colors, depending on the color of the stone. The value of a carat of white diamonds that can be sold in the world market is said to be US $ 15,000.
Diamond deposits are abundant in many parts of Africa. But most of these operations are carried out by Western companies. African countries receive very little income from the diamond industry. Russia is the world's leading exporter of diamonds. Diamonds are also found in countries such as Australia and Canada.
Serendibite, one of the rarest gems in the world, was first found in Sri Lanka. In 1902, businessman Mr. Dunil Palitha Gunasekara identified the gem and named it Serendib, formerly known as Sri Lanka by Arab traders. The area where this gem was found was Gagapitiya village in the Ambakotte area. A carat of a Serendibite gem is reported to cost about $ 18,000.
Serendipity gems are found not only in Sri Lanka but also in Myanmar, Madagascar, and Greenland. In ancient times Sri Lanka was known as Ratna Deepa because of the large number of such rare and valuable gems found in Sri Lanka. This gemstone is often dark blue in color. Dark green and yellow Serendibite gemstones have also been found in Sri Lanka.
This gem, first found in southern Madagascar, costs about $ 20,000 a carat. This rare gem is named in honor of Alfred Grandidierite, a Frenchman who worked extensively for gem mining in Madagascar. This gem was first identified in 1902, and aluminum and boron are the most abundant of these rocks.
Colorless (transparent) or dark blue or dark green, this gem is found only in a few other African countries and in Asian countries such as India, Sri Lanka, New Zealand, and Norway.
Taaffeite was first discovered in October 1945 in Dublin, Ireland. The gemstone is named Taaffeite in honor of Richard Taaffe, who discovered the gem. Taaffeite is a gemstone that has been used since ancient times. Some vendors also call this toffee. Surprisingly, the gemstone was mistaken for another type of gemstone, the spinel. Among the spinel gems polished from it, Taaffeite was distinguished and identified by Richard Taff. Taaffeite is considered to be the first species of gemstone to be identified. Another specialty of Taaffeite is its presence of aluminum, beryllium, and magnesium.
Another rare gem is said to cost about $ 35,000 a carat. Although first identified in Ireland, taffeta is found mostly in Sri Lanka and the African nation of Tanzania. This species of rock is so rare that it is estimated to be as many as one in a million diamonds.
The emerald gem is also known as the emerald of Sri Lanka. One carat of the world's best emerald gem costs about $ 308,000. The best emerald gemstones in the world are available in dark green or greenish blue. There are also yellow or single blue emerald gems. But they are also known as second-rate gems. The Bahia Emerald gem found in Brazil in 2001 is considered to be the most expensive emerald gem in the world. Its value is said to be US $ 400 million.
Emerald is found mostly in South American states such as Brazil and Colombia, and in African countries such as Zambia and Zimbabwe. However, it should be noted that Sri Lankan emeralds are also in great demand in the world gem market.
4) Red Diamonds
Red diamonds are considered to be one of the rarest and most common types of diamonds. One carat of a pure red diamond is worth about a million US dollars. Discovered in Brazil in 1900, the Moussaieff Red Diamond is the largest red diamond ever found in the world. It measures 5.11 carats in size. But it was found to be worth as much as 13 carats before it was sold. The current value of this diamond is said to be the US $ 15 million. The Kazanjian Red Diamond, also known as the Red Diamond, is one of the most famous red diamonds in the world. It is reported to be worth around the US $ 50 million.
It is well known that red diamonds are often sold counterfeit. It is said that there are many counterfeit red diamonds in the world. According to foreign media, there are very few real red diamonds in the world. Most of them considerably less than a carat. Red diamonds are found in abundance in Brazil, Australia, and Africa.
3) Pink Diamond
Pink Diamond or Pink Diamond is one of the rarest diamonds in the world. It is estimated that there are less than 0.0001% pink diamonds worldwide. One carat of these is worth about US $ 1.19 million. The world's largest pink diamond is called the Pink Star. It weighs 59.60 carats. It reportedly sold for $ 71.2 million at the 2017 Sotheby's Auction in Hong Kong. These diamonds are valued all over the world because they are considered to bring happiness and prosperity to the wearers of pink diamonds.
These diamonds are found in abundance in Brazil, Russia, Africa, and Canada. On his third wedding anniversary, King Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah to rule Iran, presented his wife, Queen Farah Diba, with a 60-carat pink diamond crown. It is now known as the Nur Ul Ain Diamond Diamond.
The genus Jade falls into two main categories: Jadeite and Nephrite. Jade is considered to be the rarest and purest member of the genus Jade. Jade gems are also known as tattoos in Sri Lanka. This dark green gem costs about $ 3 million a carat. Jadeite gems are mostly found in the Tawmaw (Myanmar) region of Myanmar. Myanmar accounts for 70% of world jade exports. More jadeite sleep has been found in the Omi and Kotaki regions of Japan and in the Motagua River valley - Guatemala valley in Guatemala. Jadite sleeps slightly in the mountains of Kazakhstan and the Ural Mountains of Russia.
Nephrite is a species of jade found in China. Jade is said to be found worldwide with 18 other subgroups. Jewelry made of jadeite is very expensive. You may not be able to buy one piece of jewelry and sell all your belongings. Lady Babara Hutton, the wife of Georgian prince Alex Midivani, received a jade necklace from her grandfather on her wedding day. Its current value has been confirmed to be around US $ 27 million. It is now known as the Hutton Midivani Necklace.
1) Blue Diamonds
The blue diamond is considered to be the most precious stone in world history. The Oppenheimer Blue, a blue diamond that broke world records at $ 57.7 million, is valued at $ 3.93 million a carat. Therefore, blue diamonds are considered to be the most valuable type of rock in the world today.
The world of blue diamonds is as small as 0.02%. Many blue diamonds have been found in South Africa. The world-famous blue diamond has also been found at the Kollur Mine in Golconda, India. Many of the world's largest and most famous blue diamonds, such as the Hope Diamond, the Sultan of Morocco, and the Wittelsbach Graff, are found in neighboring India.