Peridot is an ancient, widely known gemstone with jewelry pieces dating back to the Pharaohs in Egypt. Peridot is a semi-precious gemstone of the olivine mineral family. The name "Peridot" originated from the Arabic word faridat, meaning "gem," or "pæderot" in Latin, expecting "a kind of opal."
Peridot Gem Stones Description:Peridot is an ancient, widely known gemstone with jewelry pieces dating back to the Pharaohs in Egypt. Peridot is a semi-precious gemstone of the olivine mineral family. The name "Peridot" originated from the Arabic word faridat, meaning "gem," or "pæderot" in Latin, expecting "a kind of opal." Depending on the quantity of iron, the peridot color varies from yellow to olive- to brownish-green. It is the traditional birthstone for August-born. Peridot is also called "Evening Emerald" because of its shimmering color even under artificial lighting; It is both a day stone and a night stone.
|A variety or type of:||Fayalite, Forsterite|
|Chemical Formula||(Mg, Fe)2 SiO4|
|Mohs Hardness||6.5 to 7|
|Specific Gravity||3.27 to 3.48|
|Inclusions in Peridot||Disk-like "lily pad," black chromite octahedrons, glassy rounded drops. Discoidal cracks often have a dark chromite crystal at the center, needle-like inclusions, healing cracks, and minute fluid droplets.|
Crystallography of Peridot
|Habit||Short, Compact Prisms, Vertically Striated|
Peridot Color:Peridot’s color varies from pure green to yellowish-green to greenish-yellow. The most exquisite hue is green without any trace of brown or yellow. The stone colors tend to be at their best in stones weighing ten carats and above. Pure green stones are scare, and most peridots are more yellowish-green. The higher-quality gems have an intense color. Most of the gems with the finest color come from Pakistan.
|Color||Green, Yellow-green, Brown-green|
Peridot Clarity:Most of the high-grade quality, calibrated, and larger pieces on the market have no eye-visible inclusions. Other inclusions obvious in peridot are reflective, disk-shaped inclusions, also called “lily pads.” Easily visible inclusions, particularly the dark spots, lower the rate of peridot. There’s a dramatic dip in value for light-colored material with obvious dark inclusions.
Peridot Cut:As with all facet grade stones, the cutter’s skill makes a huge difference in the polished product. Someone who knows how to maximize light while evading large dull windows in the stones will craft a much higher quality stone with the same rough as someone who is new and still learning this craft. Peridot is cut in a comprehensive variety of shapes and cutting styles. Which includes all the standard gem shapes such as the oval, pear, round, marquise, triangle, and cushion shapes. Cutting styles are also well designed. Step cuts with concentric rows of identical facets, Brilliant cuts with triangular and kite-shaped facets, and mixed cuts usually consisting of step-cut pavilions and brilliant-cut crowns are all normal. Designer cuts modeled by hand and machine are popular, as well as beads, cabochons, and carvings.
Peridot Carat:Standard peridot cuts for the jewelry industry include a wide variety of shapes and sizes. The gem is inexpensive in smaller sizes, but prices rise for gems above 10×8 mm. The finest large peridots come from Myanmar and, more recently, from a source high in the Himalayas of Pakistan. Below table shows the heaviest and the lightest peridot ever recorded
|Lightest (faceted)||0.25 cts|
|Heaviest (faceted)||311.78 cts|
Peridot Localities:Enormous deposits of peridot are located worldwide; some of the documented deposits are followed!
|China||Jiaohe peridot deposit|
|Egypt||St John’s Island|
|Myanmar||Mogok Township, Le-taw, Panlin, Myasein Taung|
|Norway||Gusdal Olivine Pit|
|Sri Lanka||Gem gravels|
|Chakras||Heart Chakra, Solar Plexus Chakra|
|Zodiac||Gemini, Leo, Virgo, Scorpio, Sagittarius|
Healing Properties of Peridot:Cleanser, Comfort, Communication, Healing, Good Health, Growth, Intuition, Promote Intelligence, Purification, Renewal, Relaxation
- Peridot neutralizes toxins on all levels because of its cleansing attribute.
- It exposes our hearts to joy and new relationships by reducing irritation, jealousy, and bitterness.
- It opens and sharpens the mind to new levels of awareness by enhancing confidence, and motivation to change.
- It makes you more responsible and enables you to take accountability for your own life.
- Peridot strengthens the human immune system, metabolism, and benefits the skin.
- It aids disorders of the heart, lungs, gallbladder, spleen, and intestinal tract.
- Astrologists recommend peridot for promoting intelligence, communication skills, and good health.